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Visual System
34,00 € *
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High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! The visual system is the part of the central nervous system which enables organisms to see. It interprets the information from visible light to build a representation of the world surrounding the body. The visual system accomplishes a number of complex tasks, including the reception of light and the formation of monocular representations, the construction of a binocular perception from a pair of two dimensional projections, the identification and categorization of visual objects, assessing distances to and between objects, and guiding body movements to visual objects. The psychological manifestation of visual information is known as visual perception.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 26.09.2020
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BINOCULAR RIVALRY, PERCEPTUAL FILLING-IN AND TH...
59,00 € *
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Visual perception relies on both selective andconstructive perceptual processes. For example,binocular rivalry leads to the selective perceptionof one of two competing monocular stimuli, whereasvisual phantom formation leads to perceptualfilling-in of a large gap between two collinearlyaligned gratings. This book explores the role ofperceptual and attentional mechanisms in binocularrivalry and perceptual filling-in, and investigatesthe neural interactions between rivalry andfilling-in to gain new insights into the nature ofthese perceptual phenomena. These studies providecompelling new evidence suggesting that the neuralmechanisms underlying selective perception andconstructive perception both operate at early stagesof visual processing, and that dynamic interactionscan take place between these mechanisms at these sameearly sites. Moreover, the mechanistic approach,which this book takes to study visual awareness, ismore promising to help us understand howconsciousness arises as a consequence of brainactivity than merely searching for the neuralcorrelates of consciousness.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 26.09.2020
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Stereopsis
39,00 € *
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High Quality Content by WIKIPEDIA articles! Stereopsis (from stereo meaning solidity, and opsis meaning vision or sight) is the process in visual perception leading to the sensation of depth from the two slightly different projections of the world onto the retinas of the two eyes. The differences in the two retinal images are called horizontal disparity, retinal disparity, or binocular disparity. The differences arise from the eyes' different positions in the head. Stereopsis is commonly referred to as depth perception. This is inaccurate, as depth perception relies on many more monocular cues than stereoptical ones, and individuals with only one functional eye still have full depth perception except in artificial cases (such as stereoscopic images) where only binocular cues are present.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 26.09.2020
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Monocular vision
45,00 € *
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Monocular vision is vision in which each eye is used separately. By using the eyes in this way, as opposed by binocular vision, the field of view is increased, while depth perception is limited. The eyes are usually positioned on opposite sides of the animal's head giving it the ability to see two objects at once. The word monocular comes from the Greek root, mono for one, and the Latin root, oculus for eye. Most birds and lizards (except chameleons) have monocular vision. Owls and other birds of prey are notable exceptions. Also many prey have monocular vision to see predators.

Anbieter: Dodax
Stand: 26.09.2020
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Fourth International Visual Field Symposium Bri...
195,00 CHF *
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The 4th International Visual Field Symposium of the International Perimetric Society, was held on the 13-16 April 1980 in Bristol, England,at the occasion of the 6th Congress of the European Society of Ophthalmology. The main themes of the symposium were comparison of classical perimetry with visual evoked response, comparison of classical perimetry with special psychophysi cal methods, and optic nerve pathology. Understandably many papers dealt with computer assisted perimetry. This rapidly developing subgroup of peri metry may radically change the future of our method of examination. New instruments were introduced, new and exciting software was proposed and the results of comparative investigations reported. There have been many confusing statements in the literature on the relative value of perimetry and the registration of visual evoked responses. Several reports attempted to bring some clarity in this issue. There is reason for further comparative research. A number of papers dealt with special psychophysical methods, i.e. methods not using the simply monocular differential threshold. The old critical fusion frequency received new attention. Fundusperimetry was used for testing spatial summation. Acuity perimetry, binocular perimetry etc. showed that there exist many possibilities for examining visual function. At present it is not clear to us what exactly the place of these methods is in our diagnostic armament. However it is quite clear that some of them are promising and may lead to a further differentiation of perimetric methods.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 26.09.2020
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Multi-target Tracking
116,00 CHF *
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Many applications of video technology require multi-target tracking, for example for indoor or outdoor surveillance, intelligent vehicles, robotics, or experiments in biology. This book shows how specifica of targets influence the design of tracking methods. Four totally different types of targets are tracked, namely fruit flies (drosophila melanogaster), vehicles, pedestrians, and lane marks. The book presents methods for tracking of such targets under various recording settings (i.e. static, or moving cameras, monocular, binocular, or trinocular). In order to further improve the tracking performance, more specific methods are proposed and discussed for the different targets. This book starts with a comprehensive review of state-of-the-art multi-traget tracking methods. It is suitable for students or researchers who would like to have advise about tracking methods possibly applicable to their application, or who are contributing in the computer vision field to the design of tracking methods.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 26.09.2020
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Asymmetries in visuospatial processing in birds
5,40 CHF *
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Research Paper (postgraduate) from the year 2003 in the subject Psychology - Biological Psychology, grade: very good, Ruhr-University of Bochum (AE Biopsychology), course: Experimentalpsychologisches Praktikum, 35 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Cerebral asymmetries are a fundamental principle of vertebrate brain architecture. These asymmetrical structures are most likely beneficial for various kinds of information processings. Research has shown that the avian brain is highly visually-lateralized. Results display a left hemisphere/right eye advantage in pigeons for object processing. Unfortunately, findings on visuospatial lateralization are ambiguous. In chicks also a left hemisphere dominance for object processing has been shown whereas the right hemisphere is more probable to elicit high performances in visuospatial tasks. Inconsistently, homing pigeons revealed a left-hemispheric superiority for visuospatial orientation. We investigated visuospatial processing in pigeons (Columba livia) with a new experimental paradigm. The subjects were confined in a box with their neck and head protruding through a central circular opening. This opening was surrounded by sixteen concentrically arranged food positions each containing one piece of grain the animals had to peck at. Pigeons were tested alternately under monocular (left/right) and binocular conditions. We measured the time the subjects needed to peck all grains and the extent of visual scanning, operationalized by crossing the circular segments with their head. Although both monocular conditions did not differ with respect to the time needed to finish the task, right-seeing animals needed fewer scans to finish the task. Remarkably, both monocular conditions did not reveal significant differences in number of divers, number of peckfailures and number of direction changes. These findings display a higher efficiency of left hemispheric visuospatial processing. Left-seeing pigeons needed more scans per time than right-seeing birds to consume the grains. In summary, the superiority of the right hemisphere in spatial tasks is not an universal phenomenon of vertebrate brain architecture.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 26.09.2020
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Visual Fields
120,90 CHF *
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Visual Fields: Examination and Interpretation, 3rd edition contains revisions and updates of earlier material as well as a discussion of newer techniques for assessing visual field disorders. The book begins with a short history of the field of perimetry and goes on to present basic clinical aspects of examination and diagnosis of visual field defects in the optic nerve, optic disc, chorioretina, optic chiasm, optic tract, lateral geniculate field bodies, and the calcarine complex. Additional aspects of visual field examination are explored including those of monocular, binocular, and junctional field defects, congruity vs. incongruity, macular sparing vs. macular splitting, density, wedge-shaped homonymous field loss, and monocular temporal crescent. Various new techniques of automated perimetry are also considered including SITA, FASTPAC, and SWAP. This volume provides a very useful overview of the techniques of visual field examination in a number of eye disorders and will be of interest to all ophthalmologists, neuro-opthalmologists, retina specialists, and optometrists.

Anbieter: Orell Fuessli CH
Stand: 26.09.2020
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Multi-target Tracking
63,99 € *
ggf. zzgl. Versand

Many applications of video technology require multi-target tracking, for example for indoor or outdoor surveillance, intelligent vehicles, robotics, or experiments in biology. This book shows how specifica of targets influence the design of tracking methods. Four totally different types of targets are tracked, namely fruit flies (drosophila melanogaster), vehicles, pedestrians, and lane marks. The book presents methods for tracking of such targets under various recording settings (i.e. static, or moving cameras, monocular, binocular, or trinocular). In order to further improve the tracking performance, more specific methods are proposed and discussed for the different targets. This book starts with a comprehensive review of state-of-the-art multi-traget tracking methods. It is suitable for students or researchers who would like to have advise about tracking methods possibly applicable to their application, or who are contributing in the computer vision field to the design of tracking methods.

Anbieter: Thalia AT
Stand: 26.09.2020
Zum Angebot